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Cultural Exchange via Internet - Opportunities and Strategies
Forum of the House of World Cultures, Berlin, 12 October - 4 December, 1998

[as of December 1st 1998 the forum has been prolonged - ... open-ended]


Subject:Culture, Class, and Cyberspace
Date:Wed, 18 Nov 1998 22:38
Author:Art McGee  [amcgee@igc.org]
Reply To:forum1@hkw.kbx.de


[This list was updated 11/16/1998]

Greetings,

I don't agree with all the conclusions, but listed below are some very interesting and important resources, dealing with the intersection of ethnicity, culture, class, poverty, computers, and cyberspace.

Even if you're busy, please be sure to at least browse them.

By the way, many of the links lead to original material, not the summarized articles with similar titles that you may have read in a newspaper or magazine.

---

[Ethnicity and Culture Section]

First Monday 3.11: Africa Connected
http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue3_11/hall/

Virtual University/Segregated Highway?
The Politics of Connectivity
http://www.meg.uct.ac.za/martin/paper3.htm

Brillo Magazine, Issue Number 3, "The Invasion"
Resisting Erase-ism on the 'Net
http://www.virago-net.com/brillo/erasism.htm

CTHEORY: Global Algorithm 1.10:
Deregulation/Globalisation: The Loss of Cultural Diversity?
http://www.ctheory.com/ga1.10-deregulation.html

Buying into the Computer Age:
A Look at Hispanic Families
http://www.cgu.edu/inst/aw1-1.html

Brillo Magazine, Issue Number 2, "A Bug in the Wetware"
Buggin' in and Out: Eye Dialectal Nightmares in Cyberspace
http://www.virago-net.com/brillo/No2/email.htm

Brillo Magazine, Issue Number 2, "A Bug in the Wetware"
In Bed with the Devil
http://www.virago-net.com/brillo/No2/rant.htm

The Unbearable Whiteness of Being:
African American Critical Theory and Cyberculture
http://www.kalital.com/Text/Writing/Whitenes.html

Cultural Uses of New, Networked Internet Information and
Communication Technologies: Implications for US Latino Identities
http://sunsite.unc.edu/jlillie/thesis.html

Bridging the Digital Divide:
The Impact of Race on Computer Access and Internet Use
http://www2000.ogsm.vanderbilt.edu/papers/race/science.html

What it Means to be Black in Cyberspace
http://www.panix.com/~mbowen/cz/identity/blakCMC.html

Cyborg Diaspora:
Virtual Imagined Community
http://ernie.bgsu.edu/~radhik/sanov.html

Race In/For Cyberspace:
Identity Tourism and Racial Passing on the Internet
http://acorn.grove.iup.edu/en/workdays/Nakamura.html

American Emissaries to Africa:
From John Barlow via James Bond to James Baldwin and Back
http://www.factory.org/nettime/archive/1292.html

What Color is the Net?
http://www.hotwired.com/netizen/97/11/index2a.html

WIRED 3.12:
Idees Fortes - Race in Cyberspace?
http://www.wired.com/wired/3.12/departments/berger.if.html

Book Review:
The African-American Resource Guide to the Internet
http://www.otal.umd.edu/~rccs/books/battle.html

Black Pioneers of the Internet
http://www.delphi.com/blackpioneers/

Forsaken Geographies:
Cyberspace and the New World 'Other'
http://eng.hss.cmu.edu/internet/oguibe/
http://arts.usf.edu/~ooguibe/madrid.htm

On Digital 'Third Worlds':
An interview with Olu Oguibe
http://arts.usf.edu/~ooguibe/springer.htm

The Virtual Barrio @ The Other Frontier
(or the Chicano inerneta)
http://www.telefonica.es/fat/egomez.html

Cultural Survival Quarterly:
The Internet and Indigenous Communities
http://www.cs.org/csq/csqinternet.html

Nils Zurawskis' Ethnicity and Culture in Cyberspace Papers http://www.uni-muenster.de/Soziologie/Home/zurawski/papers.html


[The next link is to some comments I made a few years ago]

AFROAM-L Archives - February 1995:
Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Cyberspace
http://www.afrinet.net/~hallh/afrotalk/afrofeb95/0796.html

[Below is a great essay (not specifically dealing with cyberspace), that discusses multiple identities from an apparently non-European perspective]

The Multiple Self:
Exploring Between and Beyond Modernity and Postmodernity
http://www1.umn.edu/irp/multiple.htm

[Lastly, a link to a resource page that contains general and gender-based papers on net sociology/identity]

The Media and Communication Studies Site
Resource Page for Gender, Ethnicity & Class: Social and Personal Identity
http://www.aber.ac.uk/~dgc/gender05.html


---

[Class and Poverty Section]

CTHEORY: Global Algorithm 1.4:
The Theory of the Virtual Class
http://www.ctheory.com/ga1.4-theory_virtual.html

The Internet and Poverty:
Real Help or Real Hype?
http://www.oneworld.org/panos/briefing/interpov.htm

Possible Roles for Electronic Community Networks and Participatory
Development Strategies in Access Programs for Poor Neighborhoods
http://www.unc.edu/~jlillie/310.html

High Technology and Low-Income Communities:
Prospects for the Positive Use of Advanced Information Technology
http://web.mit.edu/sap/www/high-low/

Losing Ground Bit by Bit:
Low-Income Communities in the Information Age
http://www.benton.org/Library/Low-Income/

Falling Through the Net II:
New Data on the Digital Divide
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/net2/

Impact of CTCnet Affiliates:
Findings from a National Survey of Users of Community Technology Centers
http://www.ctcnet.org/impact98.htm

Cybersociology Magazine:
Issue 3 - Digital Third Worlds
http://members.aol.com/Cybersoc/issue3.html


---

[Gender and Sexuality Section]

[In this section, I'm keeping the focus on Women and GLBT people of color, which is why you aren't seeing as many listings as you might expect]

Womenspace Spring 98: Black Women on the Net
http://www.womenspace.ca/vol33e.html

Brillo Magazine, Number 1, "Armed and Dangerous"
Like Fish to W.A.T.E.R.
http://www.virago-net.com/brillo/No1/water.htm

Brillo Magazine, Number 1, "Armed and Dangerous"
Turned On, Plugged In, Left Out
http://www.virago-net.com/brillo/No1/pluggedi.htm


---

[Definitive Quote Section]

Lastly, in case you're wondering why I even bothered to put this list together, one of my "white" colleagues said it better than I ever could:

"We're resisting the tired-but-still-commonly-accepted idea that the virtual world provides a somehow "level" playing field, in which race, gender, [and] culture(s) no longer matter. We think that such ideas are based on the false notion that there's a normative white male middle-class culture to which all folks can gain access, now that the barriers imposed by the physical body have been miraculously removed. We want [to see] essays, articles, and examples of work which show that the "politics of identity" is alive and well on the internet, and that instead of regressing to a sort of Eisenhowerian procession of the bland leading the bland, there are people out there using electronic technology to emphasize and celebrate and motivate and defend their own communities and cultural ideals."

"There's been a lot of talk (mostly by white men) about the "liberating" potential of the internet and of virtual spaces. What they usually mean is a liberation *from* the body, to some kind of higher plane. But we're interested in how folks whose bodies are usually threatened by the power structure (nonwhite folks, women, poor people, queer folks) are using the internet as a platform for making themselves more visible (a liberation *of* the body), and how that connects to other contemporary activist movements."

     Kali Tal
     Lecturer, University of Arizona

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New Yorker Cartoon (Internet Savvy Dog):

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Art McGee (Internet Ignorant Dog added to cartoon):

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